Egypt’s insatiable appetite for natural gas will ensure its return to importation of gas in the next six to seven years, according to an analysis of its ongoing projects, new fields and increasing gas demand.
The country became a net importer of the fluid in 2013 after production declines fostered the inability to fuel its power plants, industries and millions of households.
Then almost as dramatically as the shortage began, surplus arrived. Energy companies announced massive gas projects, found huge reserves and helped turn the tide.
The Egyptian ministry of Petroleum announced, late in 2016, a cessation of imported gas from the year 2018, as new projects come on stream to create a net surplus in supply.
Details of the transition from declining reserves to surplus to likely decline are published in the Volume 18, No2, 2017 edition of the Africa Oil+Gas Report
Nigeria’s new-draft National Gas Policy envisages that the DPR, the country’s Petroleum Regulatory Agency, will no longer approve a field development plan for a gas prone oil field, unless there is a clear, feasible gas utilization plan.
This regulation has been in the statute books for over 15 years, but the draft gas policy says it has been weakly enforced.
“We need to be convinced that your gas utilization plan is feasible, that you’re going to work the plan”, Gbite Adeniji, Senior Technical Adviser, Upstream & Gas to the Minister of state for Petroleum, told the November 2016 monthly breakfast meeting of the Nigerian South Africa Chamber of Commerce. “Companies will be encouraged to take advantage of existing nearby infrastructure for their gas utilization plan, instead of coming up with plans that are assembled just to get approval for the oilfield development”.
By Fred Akanni
Nigeria’s Ministry of Petroleum Resources says that the Obiafu-Obrikom-Oben (OB3) gas pipeline is about 80% completed.
Gbite Adeniji, Senior Technical Adviser, Upstream &Gas to the Minister of state for Petroleum, announced this at the monthly breakfast meeting of the Nigerian South Africa Chamber of Commerce.
But in a twist, Mr. Adeniji implored the audience (comprising of Upstream oil and gas company representatives as well as energy lawyers and bankers), to “pay close attention to and monitor the progress of the construction of this very important pipeline”.
Contract for the construction of the OB3 was awarded in 2011. At 48 inches, it remains the largest diameter pipe size to be built in Nigeria. At 127km in length, starting from the Intermediate Pigging station at Umukwata in Delta State and terminating at Oben Node in Edo State, it is the first gas pipeline, scheduled for the domestic market, to transport gas from the gas rich east of the country to the demand centres in the west of Nigeria.
“For this reason we should all be focused on its completion”, Adeniji insisted. “Let us vigorously engage with it”.
By McJohn Adjoto
The Nigerian Gas Company (NGC) has been split into two, in order to take advantage of the emerging gas market.
The two successor companies, both subsidiaries of the state hydrocarbon company NNPC, are known as Nigerian Gas Processing and Transmission Company (NGPTC) and Nigerian Gas Marketing Company (NGMC).
The old NGC operated over 2,000km of gas pipelines all over the country and was responsible for (1), the ongoing looping (doubling of capacity) of the Escravos Lagos Pipeline System, (2) superintending the construction of the Obiafu-Obrikom-Oben (OB3) gas pipeline, as well as (3) work on investment decision regarding the Ajaokuta-Kaduna-Kano (AKK) gas pipeline project, for which bids for Build, Operate and Transfer (BOT) are currently being evaluated.
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By Sully Manope
The Nigeria Ministry of Petroleum plans to do away with the three Central Processing Facilities (CPFs), the centerpiece of the infrastructure segment of the Gas Master Plan.
In their place, “the government will encourage the development of processing plants on an opportunistic basis”, according to Gbite Adeniji, Senior Technical Adviser, Upstream &Gas at the Ministry of Petroleum in Abuja.
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A consortium led by French major TOTAL has been awarded the rights to build and operate a liquefied natural gas (LNG) re-gasification terminal in Ivory Coast with a capacity of three million tons per year (3MMTPA).
The decision announced by the Government of the Ivory Coast on October 4, 2016 was followed by the signature of the shareholders’ agreement in Abidjan between TOTAL, which will operate the project with a 34% interest, national companies PetroCI (11%) and CI Energies (5%) as well as SOCAR (26%), Shell (13%), Golar (6%) and Endeavor Energy (5%).
TOTAL will use the terminal to supply LNG volumes from its global portfolio in proportion to its participating interest in the project. The re-gasification terminal project is expected to become operational by mid 2018.
“This project illustrates TOTAL’s strategy to develop new gas markets by unlocking access to LNG for fast-growing economies. Working closely with our partners enabled us to put together an integrated proposal combining LNG supply and import infrastructure through a floating storage and re-gasification unit,” said Philippe Sauquet, the company’s President Gas, Renewables and Power. “We are very pleased to have been selected by the Ivorian authorities to manage this project, which will meet growing domestic and regional needs for gas and power.”
The project involves the construction of a terminal with a floating storage and re-gasification unit (FSRU) in Vridi, Abidjan area, and a pipeline connecting the FSRU to existing and planned power plants in Abidjan, as well as to regional markets connected to the Ivorian network. This will enable Ivory Coast to become the first regional LNG import Hub in West Africa, and to meet both regional and domestic demand.
Oando is in the final stages of selling 75% of what remains in its Gas & Power subsidiary to Helios. This has been the most predicted outcome; of the three bidders for the assets: Helios, Quantum Power and the American equity fund KKR, Helios is the only one already in partnership with Oando in any of its other subsidiaries.
Quantum Power pulled out early in the bid, citing a clause in the bid document that it disagreed with. Not much is heard of KKR’s interest.
Helios will be putting down at least $120Million cash and there are other payments to be made, based on certain conditions precedent, according to sources close to the transaction.
The assets include (1) Central Horizon Gas Company (CHGC), the special purpose vehicle (SPV) set up to rehabilitate and expand the distribution of natural gas in the Greater Port Harcourt Area, in Rivers State; (2) Gaslink Nigeria Limited, the franchise under which Oando distributes natural gas in the greater Lagos area.
Gaslink operates a 20 year Gas Sale and Purchase Agreement (GSPA) with the Nigeria Gas Company and is the pioneering indigenous Nigerian firm in the piping and distribution of natural gas to industrial, residential and commercial consumers.
With this transaction, Helios is involved with Oando, both in the downstream and mid-stream/gas business. In June 2015, Oando Plc agreed to sell 49% of the voting rights and 60% of the economic rights in its downstream businesses to HV Investments II B.V., a joint venture owned by a fund advised by Helios Investment Partners and The Vitol Group, for circa $276Million.
By Jonathan Sanussi, in Malabo
American independent Marathon Oil has achieved first gas production through its new Alba B3 offshore compression platform off Equatorial Guinea.
Production from the B3 platform allows Marathon Oil to convert approximately 780Billion cubic feet (or130 million barrels of oil equivalent),of proved undeveloped reserves, more than doubling the Company’s remaining proved developed reserve base in the Central African island nation.
“The Alba B3 compression project will allow us to maintain plateau production for the next two years, mitigating base decline, while extending the Alba Field’s life by up to eight years,” said Mitch Little, Marathon Oil’s Vice President of Conventional resources.
Execution of the Alba B3 compression project involved engineering and construction in four countries with Heerema Fabrication Group (HFG) serving as the general contractor. An unnamed Equatoguinean construction firm fabricated both the platform flare and bridge structures as part of Marathon Oil’s commitment to building local capacity within the country.
Marathon Oil’s wholly owned subsidiary Marathon E.G. Production Limited holds an approximately 65% working interest in the Alba Field and is the operator, while Noble Energy, Inc. another American independent, owns approximately 35%
By Toyin Akinosho, in Cotonou
Demand surges to around 25MMscf/d
Benin and Togo, two of the smallest economies in West Africa, signed contractual agreements to receive the 5Million standard cubic feet per day of gas from the West African Gas pipeline.
But Benin Republic sees power demand growing so quickly that it would require at least 25MMscf/d to fuel power plants.
The West African Gas Pipeline (WAGP) pumps Nigerian gas to Ghana, Togo and Benin.
The contracted 10MMscf/d from WAGP to Togo and Benin is targeted at fuellingtwo power plants of 25MW each in the two countries.
But Togo and Benin do not even receive the contractual volume. The WAGP delivered 18MMscf/d to all the three receiving countries; Ghana, Togo, and Benin, in March 2016, the lowest output in 12 months. Challenges of pipeline vandalism and the surging gas demand in Nigeria itself, has kept the export volume low.
The Aje field, a shallow offshore gas filled structure which is currently producing oil from its oil rim, is located under the sea near the boundary between Nigeria and Benin Republic. But no one is talking about sending gas to Benin Republic which, on the face of it, looks like a small market. Truth is, it might just be a key market for monetising the gas volumes in Aje field.
Benin Republic’s power demand is at least 240MW officially, but there is so much repressed demand because a lot of institutions are generating their own power, according to officials in the relevant ministries in Cotonou, the Benino is capital. Once the 240MW has been satisfied, it is likely that the repressed demand will show up, they say.
Tanzania has moved to implement the policy of conversion of diesel or gasoline powered vehicles to natural gas. The ministry of transport has made the engines of sixty buses of the country’s Bus Rapid Transit to be compatible to both gasoline (petrol) and natural gas.
The state hydrocarbon company, Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC) has announced plans to build 25 new gas stations, to address problems of inadequate infrastructure. A $65Million project, initiated by the government, aims to power 8,000 cars in Dar es Salaam, the capital city and commercial hub and supply 30,000 households with Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) for cooking.