All articles in the Refining Gap Section:


$10 Oil Soon? How did we get here?

By Olountele Dokun

On Thursday, January 14, 2016, “Oil-Price.Net”, a commodity trader, posted $30.31/barrel for the (North Sea) Brent Crude, against which our Bonny Light is indexed.

On the same day, anchor persons on BBC World Business Today, a daily Television dialogue, quoted Standard Chartered Bank analysts predicting, pessimistically, $10/ barrel for the black gold“someday soon”. The previous day, on January 13, 2016, Ibe Kachikwu, the Nigerian minister of state for Petroleum, in a CNN interview, hoped that production cuts, to boost price, could be achieved with OPEC and non-OPEC countries, Russia inclusive.

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Ghana Does Not Plan To Privatise its Only Refinery

John Ankromah in Accra

Ghana’s minister of energy says the country has not put its 45,000Barrels of Oil Per Day (BOPD) refinery on the auction block.
The Tema Oil Refinery (TOR) is currently under rehabilitation.

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GE Delivers Mobile Gas Turbines for Port Harcourt Refinery

American Contractor General Electric (GE) has completed the supply and installation of three 25-megawatt (MW), trailer-mounted, TM2500+ aeroderivative gas turbines to generate uninterrupted power at the 210,000 barrels per day capacity Port Harcourt refinery in Nigeria’s Rivers State. The supply was made through Genesis Electricity Limited, an independent power producer.

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Ogbele Produced 45 Million Litres of Diesel in Three Years

By McJohn Adjoto

Mini refinery earned close to $13Million in 2014

The Mini refinery located on the Ogbele marginal oil and gas field in eastern Nigeria has produced over 45 Million litres of diesel since it was commissioned in December 2011.

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Sonaref Construction to Begin, Finally

Angola now has a clear sight of the money with which it will build its much anticipated mid-sized refinery. Construction will begin on the site in 2015, according to Sonangol, the state hydrocarbon company and owner of the planned 200,000BOPD facility

The money will come from the Chinese, who decided to opt out of the partnership with Sonangol, the state hydrocarbon company, in the first place.

China Development Bank (CDB) has extended a $2 billion line of credit to Sonangol in a financing deal signed on December 12, 2014.

Seven years earlier, (in 2007) Sinopec, one of China’s top oil firms, walked out on the project over disagreement with Sonangol on equity to which it was going to be entitled to.

The 10-year loan agreement with CDB which opens prospects for other long-term financing, also will fund in part construction of Sonangol’s refinery in Lobito, a coastal city on the edge of the south Atlantic.


Mthombo, Sonaref, Still Far From the Starting Blocks

South African and Angolan led refinery projects have been on the drawing board for 10 years.

By Toyin Akinosho, Publisher

Project Mthombo and the Sonaref Refinery‚ two government-led refinery projects meant to collectively process 500,000Barrels of Crude Oil Per Day in Subsaharan Africa, are stalled. Project Mthombo is the South African PetroSA planned 300 000-barrel-aday refinery at Coega in the country’s eastern cape.  Sonaref is the Angolan Sonangol initiated 200,000BOPD project sited at the historic port town of Lobito, on the Angolan edge of the south Atlantic.

18 months after PetroSA signed a two-year framework deal with Chinese behemoth Sinopec, to advance the project ‚ no decision has been made to start construction.

Both Mthombo and Sonaref have been on the drawing board for close to 10 years now. They were both announced, with flourish, at the World Petroleum Congress in Johannesburg, South Africa, in September 2005. The South Africans told the elite delegates to the global petroleum assembly that, owing to an expected shortage in petroleum products around 2020, they were working on a transformational refinery planned to process about 400,000BOPD of crude.

On their part, the more self- assured Angolans said they had a list of investors who would partner them in funding the refinery that would cure the high import of petroleum products in a country with high crude oil production.

But in 2007, Sonangol’s initial partner, Sinopec, walked out of the project. In 2009, Sonangol went ahead and contracted the Field studies to American engineering firm KBR. Sonangol hired Standard Chartered Bank as financial consultant for the project in December 2013.

Meanwhile, in April 2013‚ the same Sinopec, which had walked out of Angola, signed a framework agreement with PetroSA to advance the business plan. PetroSA said it was developing the Mthombo project with Sinopec as anchor partner and the Industrial Development Corporation as funding partner.


Africa Demands More Petroleum Products

the only continent where residual fuel oil demand will not decline

Demand for refined products in Africa is projected to remain relatively strong over the next 25 years, at 1.7% per annum, on average, according to a recent report by the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

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Ogbelle Marks the Thousandth Diesel Truck Load

Max Adjoto, in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

The 1000th Diesel Load out by truck happened at the Ogbelle Mini Refinery at about 13:00 hours (local time) on Saturday August 23, 2014.

The occasion was marked by a small celebration at the facility, located  40km north east of Port Harcourt, in Rivers state in the eastern Niger Delta Basin.

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With New Gasoline Prices, Egyptians Still Pay Less than Angolans and Nigerians

….and less than a quarter of what South Africans and Ghanaians pay to fill their tanks

By Mohammed Jetutu, in Cairo

Egyptians are now buying a litre of 92 octane gasoline for $0.36 (or 2.6 Egyptian pounds) and 80 octane gasoline for $.22 (or 1.6 Egyptian pounds). A litre of diesel in the country’s filling stations now sells for $0.25 (or 1.8 Egyptian pounds), effective July 5, 2014. The prices are the result of a dramatic assault on the country’s subsidy system, which sucks 30 percent of the country’s national budget. Newly elected President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, an ex-army chief, has clearly opted to narrow the deficit.

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Uganda’s Refinery Project Tender Progresses to the Negotiations Phase

KAMPALA, 24th June 2014– Two of the four bidders that submitted proposals to the Government of Uganda (GOU) for the role of lead investor for  the 60,000 barrels per day (BPD) oil refinery and related downstream infrastructure have been invited to progress to the next stage of the tender process.   This followed the issuance of a Request for Proposals (RFP) for the Uganda Refinery Project during January 2014 with a submission deadline of 30th May 2014.

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