Nigerian New Refinery Sits Idle as NNPC Wrings its Hands Over Feedstock Supply - Africa’s premier report on the oil, gas and energy landscape.

Nigerian New Refinery Sits Idle as NNPC Wrings its Hands Over Feedstock Supply

By Jo Jackson Mthembu, in Asaba

The newly constructed 10,000Barrels Per Stream Day (BPSD) capacity Omsa Pillar Astex Company (OPAC) Refinery, located in Kwale, in Nigeria’s Delta State, has been unable get sufficient crude oil to refine as the company doesn’t operate its own oil producing field.

The refinery is sitting idle three months after the regulator signed off on its Licence to operate.

Planned products include Diesel (AGO), which is in high demand, Naptha, Kerosene and Fuel Oil.

OPAC is depending on crude supply from the state hydrocarbon company Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC) Ltd, based on the government’s assurance to support modular refineries with feedstock, as documented in the Petroleum Industry Act (PIA).

OPAC and NNPC have been engaged in discussions since 2019 and OPAC has submitted documents to NNPC, for review.

NNPC officials had been expected to visit the refinery but they haven’t.

The question: Why the delay? Perhaps NNPC is wary of signing off 10,000Barrels of crude a day for payment in local currency Naira. Perhaps? NNPC sources declined to comment. NNPC officially, didn’t respond to inquiry from Africa Oil+Gas Report.

The facility has passed all reliability tests and won the approval of the Nigeria Midstream and Downstream Petroleum Regulatory Authority (NMDPRA) after a refinery and an effective refinery commissioning exercise. It had been okayed to receive crude for refining and it has the approval to sell products, documents sighted by Africa Oil+Gas Report indicate.

Nigerian hydrocarbon companies, whether operating upstream or downstream, do not take on NNPC in public, so comments from companies who have challenges with NNPC are always difficult get on record.

OPAC is the first functional modular refinery without its main promoters being operators of a producing oilfield, serving as guaranteed feedstock even though it is strategically located close to the MIDWESTERN Crude/Gas Gathering Facility in Kwale, where a combined 30,000 Barrels of Oil Per Day (BOPD) is gathered from several marginal fields and sent to the Brass and Forcados terminals.

The two fully functioning modular refineries in the country, completed before OPAC, are the 11,000BSPD Ogbele Refinery, (owned by Niger Delta E&P) supplied by the Ogbele field and the 5,000BSPD Waltersmith Refining & Petrochemical facility (built by Waltersmith Petroman), primarily supplied by the Ibigwe field.

Indeed, the Walter Smith Refinery receives 2,000Barrels of crude every day from SEPLAT Energy operated Ohaji South field, nearby, as the Ibigwe field does not deliver up to 3,000BOPD of its own currently. In any case, the entire crude produced in SEPLATS’s Ohaji South (about 7,000BOPD)  is processed in a SEPLAT owned Early Production System (ELPS), sitting right inside the Ibigwe field Flow station, so there’s extremely beneficial relationship between SEPLAT Energy and Waltersmith.

OPAC has a contractual agreement


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  1. The report indeed has alluded to the fact that there is more to what we see or hear. I personally do not believe any entity will go into building such facility without a contract in place for the feedstock. Let’s hope reason prevails to unlock the situation.

  2. K O says:

    This is sad and depressing, main reasons why businesses don’t thrive in Nigeria and investors just want to look elsewhere to invest

    • CEE says:

      Perhaps they want to pay in local currency for the feedstock which is really a non-starter. Crude oil is an internationally traded commodity traded in USD. I assume that the Operators of the two nearby oil fields would find a USD payment based on market price attractive. Also the refinery must have been designed for a particular crude assay. It is logical to assume that the feed stock used as the basis for the design is the one from these nearby fields.

  3. Engr Adams Okoene says:

    I don’t think NNPC is under any obligation to supply crude to the refinery. The company should go to the market to purchase crude oil for its refinery!!

  4. C.M. Ekweozor FNAPE says:

    Difficult to understand what is going on! Presumably there are hidden political or social or technical challenges besetting this laudable enterprise? Until these are disclosed it is not possible to make value-addition contribution to this conversation.

    • Peter Perceival says:

      Selling crude oil in Naira is a tall order. Most of the cost of developing and producing crude oil is paid for in foreign currency. Crude oil is an international commodity sold in USD. How can someone sell crude oil in Naira – presumably at the so-called “official” rate? How will such a producer keep his production going when he needs forex to keep his production going? It is a big joke, and that is why this refinery, laudable as it is, may never get feedstock unless it is ready to buy crude at market price and pay in USD.

    • Raphael G Oyenuga says:

      I think your point is one sided because you really haven’t looked into the pre- contract agreements before the development of the refinery itself.

      Also, the idea behind the modular refineries is to make it less independent on both the government and regulatory body – NNPC.

  5. Chuba Nwachukwu PhD says:

    Not really buying either in local currency or foreign currency should be our collective problem but, the Regulatory Authority NMDPRA making sure that the investors are fully protected by providing a level playing ground for ease of productive operations, as a very tool to encourage local refining of Crude Oil.
    After signing all the necessary documents for take off of the plant, the feedstocks should be made available to the company. My counsel is that the tax value chain should play a major role here. The NNPC Limited needs to sell Crude to all local refiners at a subsidised rate not lower than the current annual budget Oil benchmark. This is an incentive that should be offered the investors because, the internalised subsidisation shall eventually level up under the backward Integration strategy, which nullifies the pains of import Substitution deficit and that of the notorious fuel Subsidy policy. The Economy shall be stronger if government’s political Will comes into play here to support productivity and boost the GDP growth for economic Efficiency!
    Federal Government, please wake from your slumber and rethink and stop discouraging investors.
    The tax value chain shall take care of the discounted price difference between the rate at the international market; and indirectly makes up what may have accrued to the Sovereign Wealth Fund.
    My candid opinion, though.

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