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Niger Republic Agrees with German Firm To develop Green Hydrogen in the Country 

The government of the Republic of Niger has signed an agreement with Emerging Energy Corporation (EEC), a German energy firm, to work together to explore and develop commercial green hydrogen projects in Niger.

EEC says it will also invest in various projects to decarbonize Oil field operations and refineries in Niger with Carbon Capture technologies. Green hydrogen will be produced in Niger by electrolysis, using renewable power.  This low-carbon solution will decarbonize emission-intensive industries in Niger, Africa, Europe, and other countries that depend a lot on fossil fuels.

“Both parties will find opportunities to enable demand for the product and prepare Niger to become a hub for green hydrogen production in the region”, a statement by EEC says. “Green hydrogen produced in the Niger Republic is an important driver to accelerate industrial decarbonization and contribute to the electrification of processes, since it is obtained from renewable sources, besides generating more competitive and decentralized dynamics by joining the different market segments”.

Keen Contest for Actis’ Stake in Lekela Power 

Financial Services group, Old Mutual, is no longer guaranteed an easy ride to win the 60% stake held by Actis in Lekela Power. The South African giant now contends with keen competition from the mining firm Exxaro and Chinese state fund CNI, who are among the final bidders in the contest for the stake. Old Mutual threw its hat in the ring through its subsidiary African Infrastructure Investment Managers.

Lekela, created in 2015 by the British investor Actis, as part of a strategy of aggregating energy assets into scalable regional platforms, is part-owned by Mainstream Energy(40%) and Actis(60%). 

Lekela has, in that space of time, become one of the 15 top renewable energy developers in Africa, with credits for developing the 250MW West Bakr Wind Farm, a BOO project located in the Gulf of Suez in Egypt; the 158MW Wind Farm, Taiba N’Diaye, Senegal’s first utility-scale wind farm, the 140MW Loeriesfontein 2 in the Hantam Municipality in South Africa’s Northern Cape; the 80MW Noupoort Wind Farm in the same country and the KhobabWind Farm, also in South Africa.

Lekela has been valued at more than $2Billion, by some estimates.

Ethiopia Starts Generating Electricity from Africa’s Largest Hydropower Project 

By Okot Njoroge, in Nairobi

Ethiopia has commenced electricity generation from the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

GERD is Africa’s largest hydropower project, with 6,000MW capacity, more than double Ethiopia’s current generating capacity, and will rank among the world’s 10 biggest hydropower plants.

The plant, sited on the Blue Nile River in the Benishangul-Gumuzregion of western Ethiopia, started generating 375 megawatts of electricity from one of its turbines on February 20, 2022.

Estimated to cost anything from $4Billion to $6.4Billion at full completion, it is largely financed by government bonds. 

Ethiopia’s first phase filling of the dam was in July 2020, during which 4.9Billion cubic metres of water was collected. The second phase, in 2021, raised the volume to 18.4Billion cubic metres of water. The 74Billion cubic metre-capacity dam is expected to take five to seven years to fill.

An influential, strident critic of the project is Egypt, which considers GERD as a significant threat to its water supply. Egypt lies downstream of the Nile and has called on international organizations, including the United Nations, to stop Ethiopia from filling the dam while the three countries most affected: Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia, agree on how to fill it. Egypt’s President, Abdel Fattah El Sisi, has frequently declared that his country’s national security is a red line and stressed the need to reach a binding agreement on the filling and operation of the dam.

Cape Town Launches Tender for 300 MW of Renewable Energy 

The Cape Town municipality in South Africa is launching a call for expressions of interest for independent power producers (IPPs) to acquire 300 MW of clean energy. 

The municipality is announcing pre-qualifications for the construction of clean energy plants that could inject 300 MW into the city’s grid. Cape Town plans to sign power purchase agreements (PPAs) with independent power producers (IPPs).

Projects targeted in the first tender are those of between 5 and 20 MW. These renewable energy plants will take over from Eskom during peak load shedding hours.

Following that is expected a second tender for power generation projects of more than 20 MW. 

The City wants to become less reliant on Eskom, the struggling Eskom, the state-owned behemoth, especially during peak times.

“We must work to become the first loadshedding-free City in South Africa over time”, says Geordin Hill-Lewis, Cape Town’s 35-year-old Mayor. 

Hill-Lewis says that Gwede Mantashe, South Africa’s Minister of Energy, has assured him that ‘his department ‘would not stand in the way of Cape Town’ if the municipality moved to generate its own electricity.

“It is essential for the city that we are not only able to keep the lights on during off-peak hours, but also to provide electricity to households and businesses when demand is highest,” the Mayor explains.

Savannah Agrees to Deliver a Trickle of Gas to Axxela 

British gas producer Savannah Energy has agreed to supply a maximum of five million standard cubic feet per day (5MMscf/d) of gas to Axxela, a Nigerian ‘last mile’ gas distributor.

The gas will be delivered via Savannah’s Ikot Abasi Gas Receiving Facility in southeastern Nigeria and then via third-party gas infrastructure to Central Horizon Gas Company CHGC, a majority-owned subsidiary of Axxela in the Port Harcourt, the commercial hub in the east of the country.

Axxela supplies natural gas to over 185 industrial and commercial customers via its gas infrastructure network across cities in Southern Nigeria including Lagos and Port Harcourt.

CHGC operates a 17km gas pipeline infrastructure network with a throughput capacity of 50 MMscfpd, which provides natural gas to industrial and commercial customers in the Trans Amadi Industrial Area of Port Harcourt as well as the Greater Port Harcourt Area. 

The Gas Sales Agreement, GSA is initially for one year but is extendable by mutual agreement. First gas deliveries are expected to commence within the next 12 months and are dependent on CHGC completing certain works to connect to the third-party gas delivery infrastructure. Accugas is not expected to incur any additional capital expenditure in this regard.

Angola’s Regulator Issues Tender for Data Transfer, Data Repository Services

Angola’s hydrocarbon regulatory agency, Agência Nacional de Petróleo, Gás e Biocombustíveis (ANPG), has advertised for the provision of data transfer services from the archives of E&P operators in the country.

The title of the tender is “Provision of Services for the Creation of Technical Conditions and Transfer of All Existing Collections in the Technical Archive of the Various ANPG Partners”.

Deadline for the submission of applications is March 8, 2022.

ANPG says this much about what it calls Conditions for obtaining the parts of the procedures”:

“The parts of the tender process are not free and will be made available by e-mail CLPQ032022@anpg.co.ao, at the request of the bidder, or via a sealed flash drive at ANPG’s facilities, upon payment of the amount of 250,000.00 Kwanzas ( Two hundred and fifty thousand Kwanzas ) in the Single Treasury Account, through the AGT website , in favour of the ANPG institution with NIF 5000181439.

When sending proof of payment made at AGT, you must take into account the Payment Certification as a legal and valid document for the contest.

In case of difficulty, contact AGT: by email: agt.callcenter@minfin.gov.ao and by phone 923 167 010.

5.2. Deadline and place for the Submission of Applications: Until March 08, 2022


Fuller details can be obtained in this link.

Angolan Government Seeks Consultants for GIS, Cartographic Services

Angola’s hydrocarbon regulatory agency, Agência Nacional de Petróleo, Gás e Biocombustíveis (ANPG), has advertised for the hiring of Consulting Services and Technical Assistance for Geographic Information Systems, Cartography and Graphic Arts solutions.

Deadline for the submission of applications is February 21, 2022 at 4:00 pm

Application fee is 250,000.00 (Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand Kwanzas ), in the Account Treasury (CUT).
mail: CLPQ012022@anpg.co.ao
Telephone: (+244) 226 428 000

Luanda, February 03, 2022


Belarmino Chitangueleca
Executive Director
Chairman of the Board of Directors es

The full details of the advertisement can be found in this link


AfDB Approves Close to $400Million ‘Desert to Power’ Financing Facility for the Sahel Region

The Board of Directors of the African Development Bank Group has approved the Desert to Power G5 Sahel Financing Facility, covering Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger. The Bank envisages committing up to $379.6Million in financing and technical assistance for the facility over the next seven years.

“The innovative blended finance approach of the Desert to Power G5 Sahel Facility will de-risk, and therefore catalyze, private sector investment in solar power generation in the region”, says Kevin Kariuki, AfDB’s Vice President for Power, Energy, Climate Change, and Green Growth. “This will lead to transformational energy generation and bridge the energy access deficit in some of Africa’s most fragile countries.”

The Desert to Power G5 Financing Facility aims to assist the G5Sahel countries to adopt a low-emission power generation pathway by making use of the region’s abundant solar potential. The facility will focus on utility-scale solar generation through independent power producers and energy storage solutions. These investments will be backed by a technical assistance component to enhance implementation capacity, strengthen the enabling environment for private sector investments, and ensure gender and climate mainstreaming.

The facility is expected to result in 500 MW of additional solar generation capacity and facilitate electricity access to some 695,000 households. Over the lifespan of the project, it is expected to reduce carbon emissions by over 14.4 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent.

The Board of the Green Climate Fund approved $150Million in concessional resources in October 2021 for the facility, which is expected to leverage around $437Million in additional financing from other development finance institutions, commercial banks, and private sector developers. The Global Centre on Adaptation is providing technical assistance to strengthen adaptation and resilience measures undertaken in the facility as part of the Africa Adaptation Program in partnership with the African Development Bank.

The facility will be implemented as part of the broader Desert to Power initiative, a flagship program led by the African Development Bank. The objective is to light up and power the Sahel region by adding 10 GW of solar generation capacity and providing electricity to around 250 million people in the 11 Sahelian countries by 2030.

Coal Generated Electricity on the Rebound in Europe’s Power Supply Mix 

Coal is back on the rise! Norwegian consulting firm, RystadEnergy, says that coal-generated electricity increased in Europe in 2021 for the first time in almost a decade, rising 18% from 470 terawatt-hours (TWh) in 2020 to 579 TWh.

The company says that preliminary numbers from its Energy research suggest that Gas, hydro, and wind power generation dropped during the year, increasing the pressure on other energy sources, including coal, to bridge the gap.

Coal-fired electricity generation has been steadily declining in Europe since 2012, Rystad explains, “but affordability concerns surrounding gas, and availability concerns impacting nuclear, wind and hydro generation, could maintain coal’s momentum in 2022 and beyond”.

The Conflict May Help the Dirty Fuel Even More

“If, for instance, high gas prices persist or military conflict between Russia and Ukraine materializes, coal generation could jump by an additional 11% this year to 641 TWh – a return to 2018 levels – to ensure the lights stay on across the continent”, Rystad declares. 

The firm, which has ingratiated itself to the top of the global consultancy league in the last five years, reports that “Coal’s resurgence last year was triggered by other components of the continental power mix facing new challenges, including record-high gas prices and tensions between Russia and Ukraine, which has raised questions about the long-term security of gas imports through Russian-operated pipelines”.

Carlos Torres Diaz, head of gas and power markets research at Rystad Energy, is quoted as saying: “European countries have been gradually decommissioning coal infrastructure over recent years, as the power market moves towards a greener, less carbon-heavy future. However, as the regional energy crisis shows, coal remains a critical component of the power mix, especially when the reliability of other sources of energy is called into question, and that is unlikely to change in the immediate future”.

But there are enough reasons for Coal’s resurgence, Russian conflict or not

“While a military escalation in Eastern Europe would disrupt Russian gas flows – albeit the extent of which is uncertain – even without any supply disruption, record-high prices are forcing buyers to explore alternatives. Gas prices in December 2021 hit €182 ($207) per megawatt-hour (MWh), a record high and a staggering 900% year-over-year increase”, Rystad notes.

“Despite soaring prices, European gas demand from the power sector fell only marginally in 2021, by around 3Billion cubic meters (Bcm) to 144 Bcm, as other components of the power mix faced myriad challenges. The continued reliance on gas helped catalyze the widespread energy crisis and sent consumer electricity prices skyrocketing across the continent last year.

“Hydro and wind-generated power fell in 2021 for the first time, helping to support fossil fuel dependency on the back of low wind speeds and hydro dam levels in crucial producing countries. While wind generation is projected to increase marginally in 2022 – from 447 TWh to 469 TWh – hydro generation is expected to remain low”.

The Coal Resurgence May Continue Far into 2022

“If gas prices remain high or the Russia-Ukraine conflict results in a significant drop in gas-fired generation in 2022, Europe has options to make up the shortfall. Despite decommissioning infrastructure, coal power generation remains the most flexible option, with the possibility to increase supply by 63 TWh. Bioenergy plants and liquids, which currently make up a small portion of the total power generation, could add 77 TWh combined, while new wind and solar PV capacity that is expected to come online this year could contribute an extra 33 TWh”, the Rystad report explains further.

“A ray of hope in 2021 came in the form of nuclear generation, which rose by 6% compared with 2020, climbing to 884 TWh. Nuclear has been the largest contributor to electricity generation in Europe since 2014, but dark clouds may be on the horizon, highlighted by France’s EDF last week downgrading its expected nuclear output in 2022 and 2023.

“EDF dropped its output expectations for the second time in a month due to aging reactors, scheduled maintenance, and unexpected outages. France’s average nuclear power of 370 TWh will be slashed to between 295 TWh and 315 TWh in 2022 and between 300 TWh and 330 TWh in 2023. This is worrying news for the market, as a reduced nuclear generation will extend and exacerbate the European power crunch and continue to put pressure on the already tight supply situation for electricity on the continent.

“Reservoir levels in hydroelectric dams across the continent are at worryingly low levels, meaning an increase in hydro-generated power in 2022 is unlikely. As a result of these limitations of other sources of power generation, gas is expected to remain the marginal supplier that can make up for any shortfalls. If gas prices remain high – which looks likely – consumers may have to battle with soaring energy prices for some time to come”.

Fossil Fuels : Serial Polluters that Nigeria should abandon

Environmental crimes like polluting and toxifying the air and water must be treated as seriously as any other crime where people are harmed as a direct result
The explosion of the Trinity Spirit Oil vessel, owned by Shebah Exploration & Production Co and managed by Sepcol has caused the death of at least three crew members. Greenpeace Africa (GreenpeaceAfrica.orgoffers its condolences to their families, and calls on African leaders to stop supporting the production of fossil fuel poison under the false pretext of development. 

Recent days have been dark for families in Nigeria brutally separated from their relatives after the explosion of the Trinity Spirit in the Delta State, Southern Nigeria. According to Reuters (https://reut.rs/3rNQcgO), “the consortium running the oilfield, including SEPCOL, lost its production license in 2019.” The same source indicates that  there had been some trading companies who used to store oil on the vessel, then stopped because of “too  many technical issues,” and because the vessel was “old and badly maintained.

The explosion of the vessel is characteristic of the unscrupulous habits of the fossil fuel industry: the vessel has outlived its lifespan by 20 years and should have been decommissioned a long time ago. “The negligence of Shebah Exploration and Production shows that, like most climate criminals, they care more about their profits than the safety of the environment and the people who depend on it.”,  says Dr. Aliou Ba, Oceans Campaign Manager at Greenpeace Africa. “The Nigerian government must urgently take up its responsibilities to avoid these types of threats in the future in order to preserve the environment and the well-being of the people. The latter have suffered too much from the fossil fuel industry.”

Fossil fuels are poison. They continue to devastate Africa’s peopleIt is high time we stopped producing them,” added Dr. Aliou Ba. And in this case, the company is a double criminal, killing its crew members on the one hand, and damaging precious ecosystems on the other. “The harm of burning, storing, and transporting fossil fuels is simply too great. Shebah Exploration and Production needs to be held accountable for the devastation that this explosion has caused for nearby communities. Environmental crimes like polluting and toxifying the air and water must be treated as seriously as any other crime where people are harmed as a direct result. Damaging other’s lives for the sake of money is unjust and too egotistical for African countries to keep supporting it,” continues Dr. Aliou Ba.

Africa has the potential to become a global powerhouse in renewable energy production. It would therefore be inconsistent for a continent that is unfortunately the most vulnerable to climate change to deprive itself of such a niche. In fact, according to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Africa’s renewable energy capacity could reach 310 GW by 2030, making the continent the world’s largest producer of renewable energy.

“For centuries, African economies have been locked in a development model which sees their resources depleted to the benefit of developed economies, bypassing the needs and aspirations of Africa’s people. It is about time Africa’s major economies like Nigeria begin to set the example of an alternative economic model that puts their people and the environment they depend on at the centre,” concluded Dr Aliou Ba.


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