All posts tagged Oil Patch Sub-Sahara


Kuwaitis Find New Oil and a Trickle of Gas in Egypt’s Western Desert

Kuwait Energy has flowed a modest crude oil rate and a trickle of gas after drill stem tests were performed on a new field wildcat well in Egypt’s Abu Sennan Concession in the Western Desert Basin.

The company flowed a cumulative maximum rate of 2,834Barrels of Oil Per Day (BOPD and 4.211Million standard cubic feet of gas per day (MMscf/d) on a 64/64″ choke in two reservoirs in the ASD-1Xwell.

For these two reservoirs, the Lower Bahariya and Abu Roash C, the cumulative minimum flow rate was 1,511BOPD and 1.232MMscf/d on a more constrained 32/64″ choke

Modest as these results are, they exceed Kuwait Energy’s pre-drill expectations.

The oil rates are actually higher than the Egyptian average, but the natural gas flow is incredibly small.

Still, the operator has gone ahead to submit an application for a development lease to develop the “field”, within the Abu Senanconcession.

ASD-1X, located 12km to the north-east of the producing Al JahraaField, reached Total Depth (TD) of 3,750m MD on March30, several days ahead of schedule and under-budget.

Apart from the t reservoirs tested, preliminary results suggest the well encountered a combined net pay total of at least 22m across a number of reservoir intervals, including the primary reservoir targets of the AR-C and AR-E, as well as the Lower Bahariya and KharitaFormations.

The well was drilled by the EDC-50 rig, which has now been moved to the Al Jahraa Field, also within the Abu Sennan concession, where the drilling of the AJ-8 development well commenced on May 2, 2021. This well will target the Abu Roash and Bahariyareservoirs in an undrained portion of the Al Jahraa field.

Below are details of the test results:

·    The ASD-1X well tested both the Lower Bahariya and Abu Roash C reservoirs

·    Preliminary short-term test results from the Lower Bahariyareservoir indicate:

o  A maximum flow rate of (c. 2,187bOEPD gross; 481BOEPD net) on a 64/64″ choke

o  A rate of 852BOPD and 1.600MMscf/d (c. 1,172BOEPD gross; 258BOEPD net) on a more constrained 32/64″ choke

·    Preliminary short-term test results from the Abu Roash C (“ARC”) reservoir indicate:

o  A maximum flow rate of 1,215BOPD and 1.371MMscf/d (c. 1,489BOEPD gross; 328BOEPD net) on a 64/64″ choke

o  A rate of 661BOPd and 0.632MMscf/d (c. 787BOEPD gross; 173BOEPD net) on a more constrained 24/64″ choke


M&P to Return to Development Drilling in Gabon’s Ezanga Permit

By John Ankromah, in Libreville

Paris based, Indonesian owned Maurel et Prom (M&P) is to return to its development drilling campaign in the Ezanga permit, onshore Gabon, in the second half of 2021.

The programme continues the exploration and development drilling campaign on the permit, which started in late 2018, to support the production profile and counteract the fields’ natural depletion. The campaign has utilised two rigs so far.

In the first quarter of 2021 (1Q 2021) M&P’s working interest oil production (80%) on the Ezanga permit was 15,120Barrels of Oil Per Day (BOPD) (gross production: 18,901BOPD), more or less unchanged from Q4 2020 (15,096BOPD for M&P working interest). Production from the field was limited to 19,000BOPD (or 15,200BOPD net to M&P’s working interest) due to production cuts imposed under OPEC quotas.

M&P is, in addition to the drilling, carrying out an extensive optimization process on the field; is implementing Electric Submersible Pumps (ESPs) services as well as Pigging.

 


Nigeria’s High Well Costs are at the Heart of its CAPEX and OPEX Challenges

By Ahmed Gafar, in Lagos

The astronomically high drilling costs of wells in Nigeria are key to the challenges faced by operators in reining in operating and capital expenses, an industry service provider has suggested.

If Africa’s highest crude oil producer is to reach its target of delivering Four Million Barrels of Oil Per day (4MMBOPD) in the near term, those costs need to be brought down, argues Hope Okwa, Founder/ Managing Director of Hd Okwa Drilling Services.

Hope Okwa

“A 10,000 feet well producing only 3,000 BOPD costs up to $25Million to construct in Nigeria”, Okwa allows. “To move from the current 1.5MMBOPD to 4MMBOPD requires massive well construction activities, in the order of over 800 wells per year. The associated investment is $21Billion per annum. Where will this investment come from, especially in an era where top global financiers are moving their investment to renewables?”. 

Okwa is persuasive that he is not just throwing numbers around: “$25Million per well cost is true for land, swamp and shallow offshore, as the rigs all use surface blowout preventers.

“The only way is to rethink well construction efficiency, with a view to drastically reducing well costs from current levels”, he contends. “The sources of inefficiencies in well construction, is very much within our expertise”, Okwa declares: “it is very urgent to implement these solutions”, as “in nine (9) years’ time in 2030, the advanced countries will pivot away from fossil fuel.  What will then happen to Nigeria’s reserves of 37Billion BO?”

 

Okwa’s benchmark is North America. “In Canada/USA, the rig rate for land is $32,000/day compared with $25,000/day for Nigeria. A 10,000 feet land well takes eight (8) days to drill while it takes 83 days in Nigeria. The Canada/USA cost is less than $2Million, while Nigeria is $25Million. The Canadians and Americans achieve the success by efficient well design (without gold plating as we do in Nigeria, efficient supply chain management, avoiding NPT and applying the science of drilling optimisation. We are experts in these areas. I should add that we are currently preparing to execute a $5Million horizontal well for a Nigerian marginal operator, applying our techniques”..  

Cost control in oilfield activities has been a front burner issue in Nigeria. Last February, the state hydrocarbon company NNPC had an elaborate event on cost optimization, at which Timipre Silva, Minister of State for petroleum, asked the country’s 34 oil and gas producing companies to join in working towards reducing operations cost to achieve the $10 or less per barrel production cost target.

Stakeholders have responded to Ministry of Petroleum’s call for cost control by naming causes including insecurity (You need gunboats full of naval officers on the way to rig-site) and taxation (government at all levels level multiple taxes: DPR hikes costs of obligatory services, State Governments demand various tariffs, Local Governments harass operators; communities hold up work; regulators sometimes delay). 

Okwa counters that “those issues relate to production mainly, and companies are having to trade off drilling wells due to the issues mentioned and high well cost”. 

 

Okwa has 29 years industry experience, the first 14 of which he spent in AngloDutch Shell, mostly on well engineering and drilling supervision. He had a stint at BG (the defunct British Gas) as a senior well engineer in the company’s Nigerian deepwater operations. He had a five year stretch as senior drilling and workover well engineer on critical gas operations at Saudi Aramco, after which he had another stint at BP Angola as senior drilling engineer.

“We believe that if we reduce well costs drastically.. we will be able to stimulate activities”, he says. “If we reduce well cost from $25Million to just $5Million hypothetically speaking, requiring only 20% of the previous investment demands, even local banks may be able to fund field development campaigns.

The full interview is in the link


Decklar Moves A Rig for Oza-1 Re-entry

Canadian minnow Decklar Resources has contracted a 1300 HP trailer-mounted drilling rig that is currently located in Port Harcourt, approximately 60 km from the Oza Oil Field in Nigeria’s Niger Delta Basin.

The drilling rig will be used for the re-entry and testing of the Oza-1 well, then immediately followed by the drilling of a horizontal development well from the Oza-1 drilling pad. 

Oza field is a marginal field operated by Millennium Oil &Gas, currently producing no more than 400Barrels a day. 

Decklar Resources has consummated a risk service agreement with Millennium Oil &Gas and its partners on the field, to fund and technically operate a revamp which will lead to increase in output.

The company says that drilling of additional development wells is planned after completion and analysis of the re-entry and horizontal wells at the Oza-1 location. 

It is anticipated that the drilling rig will commence its mobilization to the Oza Field in the week of April 12, 2021, with the move expected to take approximately seven days. 

Further, the camp to house the personnel engaged to provide support for operations and related logistics facilities is currently being moved and set up at the Oza Oil Field. 

Additionally, equipment and supplies with longer lead times that are needed to test and complete the Oza-1 well as part of the re-entry activities have been ordered, secured, and are expected to arrive in Nigeria over the next two to five weeks. Service contractors have been sourced and contracted for the near-term operational activities.


Savannah Slashes Planned Gas Drilling from Four Wells to One

By Macson Obojemiemoin

…British company annuls $53Million of planned expenditure on three wells and redirects money to gas supply optimisation

Savannah Energy has reported drastic changes in its planned principal work programme in the 2020-23 period. Those changes involve significant reduction in drill bit activity and acceleration of work on the midstream segment of the company’s natural gas production and supply business in Nigeria.

“The changes will see only one gas well drilled on the Uquo field, (as opposed to four assumed previously)”, the company says in a report.

Savannah will however accelerate the Uquo field compression project, previously assumed to commence in 2026/27, to 2021/22.

The change in drilling plans results from the company’s amendment of its planned four-year capital expenditure programme in Nigeria, as originally set out in the Nigeria Competent Person’s Report (the “Nigeria CPR”) published December 2019.

“The Company now expects to reduce its Nigerian capital expenditures by 15% over the 2020-23 period from approximately $118Million to S$100Million”, Savannah explains. “This has resulted in a reduction in the overall indicative Group capital expenditure plans of around 13% from $137Million to $119Million over the same period”.

Savannah explains in a spreadsheet that it will be spending $45Million between 2021 and 2022 on the Uquo field compression project, a project that was not in the previous plan. Conversely, it will be annulling the planned spend of up to $53Million between 2021 and 2023, a programme that was the most prominent in the previous plan.

These changes, Savannah, argues, follow “the completion of the relevant technical and commercial studies”.

Savannah assures that “the Uquo reservoir continues to perform in line with expectations and that the proposed change in the capital expenditure profile is not expected to impact Uquo field production or expected ultimate reserve recovery”. The amendments, it contends, “enhance the project economics of the ongoing Uquo field development”.

 

 


Adom-Frimpong is new Chairman of Ghana’s Oil Revenue Watchdog

Ghana’s Public Interest and Accountability Committee (PIAC), the statutory body with oversight responsibility of the management and use of the country’s petroleum revenues, has elected Kwame Adom-Frimpong as its new chairman.

Mr. Adom-Frimpong, a professor of accounting who represents the Institute of Chartered Accountants, Ghana (ICAG) on the PIAC, was elected in a unanimous decision by the Committee, drawn from 13 nominating institutions, according to a statement by the PIAC communications department. He will steer the affairs of PIAC as Chairman for one year, having taken over from Noble Wadzah, whose membership tenure on the Committee expired at the end of last year.

Adom-Frimpong is a graduate of the University of Wales, Bangor, UK (MBA) and the University of London. He obtained his Doctorate degree in Business Administration (DBA-Finance option) in 2001 from University for Professional Studies, Arcadia, USA and again had PhD in Economics Finance from the same University in 2004.

He is currently the Managing Director of Mainstream Reinsurance Company and a Partner of Adom Boafo & Associates, a firm of Chartered Accountants and Management Consultants. He worked with PricewaterhouseCoopers for five years as Audit Supervisor, five years with SSNIT as Head of Audit and ABC Brewery Company as Senior Cost and Management Accountant for four years.

Adom-Frimpong qualified as a Chartered Accountant in 1990, and is the immediate past President of the Institute of Chartered of Accountants Ghana (ICAG). He is a Fellow of both the Chartered Institute of Bankers (FCIB) and the Chartered Insurance Institute of Ghana (FCIIG). He is also a Barrister-at-Law and a member of the Ghana Bar Association.

 


ENI Discovers Oil and Hooks It Up Quickly in Egypt’s Western Desert

 

By Toyin Akinosho

ENI announced a relatively small new oil discovery in Egypt and hooked it up within a month.

The discovery, in the Meleiha Concession in Egypt’s Western Desert, was achieved through the Arcadia- 9 well, drilled on the Arcadia South structure, which is located 1.5km south of the main Arcadia field already in production.

Arcadia -9 encountered 85 feet of oil column in the Cretaceous sandstones of the Alam El Bueib 3G formation. The well was drilled close to existing production facilities and is already tied-in to production, with a stabilized rate of 5,500 barrels of oil per day.

Following the discovery, two development wells, Arcadia 10 and Arcadia 11, have been drilled back-to-back, the Italian major says in a statement. The first one encountered 25 feet of oil column and the second one 80 feet, within the Alam El Bueib 3G formation. The three wells share the same oil-water contact in the discovered reservoir. Arcadia 11 also encountered 20 feet of oil pay in the overlying Alam El Bueib 3D formation.

“The new discovery adds 10,000 barrels of oil per day to ENI’s gross production in the Western Desert of Egypt”, the company explains.

ENI’s successful implementation of its infrastructure-led exploration strategy in the Western Desert through AGIBA, a joint venture between Eni and Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC), allows a quick valorization of these new resources. 

ENI, through its subsidiary IEOC, holds a 38% interest in the Meleiha concession while Lukoil holds a 12% and EGPC a 50% interest.


Sonatrach’s 50% Budget Slash, Cuts Out Sixty Planned Wells in Algeria

Algerian state hydrocarbon company Sonatrach is spending half of its originally planned budget for 2020.

Africa’s largest NOC was ordered to reduce its budget for 2020 from $14 Billion to $7 Billion(or from €12.4Billion to €6.2Billion).

The group, which contributes nearly 60% of the state budget and more than 95% of the country’s foreign exchange earnings, has significantly reduced its drilling and field optimization activities and suspended plans for newfield developments, no matter how close to existing facility. Africa Oil+Gas Report sources say that over 60 planned new wells will be affected.

There were 50 active rigs in Algeria in 2018, but they dropped to 42 in 2019. They would have dropped to 32, with COVID-19 challenges, but now they are likely to slip to 29, Africa Oil+Gas Report research suggests.

Hydrocarbon revenues into Algeria crashed by nearly 30% in the first quarter 2020, compared to last year.

Unlike most other hydrocarbon-led economies in Africa (Nigeria Angola, Libya, etc), most of the work programme in Algeria is performed by Sonatrach, as a result of historic production agreements that always insisted that Sonatrach operate the acreages.

So, unlike its peer countries, the state cannot spread the burden of financing oil and gas field operations in this time of pandemic, in a way that international companies have a good share of the risk.

Algeria, last year approved laws to encourage increased equity stakes and participation in acreages and projects by E&P companies, but the lingering antigovernment protests have discouraged implementation.

This article was originally published in the June 2020 edition of the Africa Oil+Gas Report


Advertiser’s Announcement: OILSERV Ltd Commences Massive AKK Pipeline Project

Nigeria is finally on the verge of unlocking huge economic benefits arising from its natural gas endowment. For many years, the country had been hindered by absence of gas transmission pipelines in her bid to harness its abundant gas reserves for provision of gas to generate electricity, and stimulate rapid industrialization using gas as feedstock for fertilisers, ammonia and other petrochemical applications.

The commencement of the NNPC-sponsored Ajaokuta–Kaduna–Kano (AKK) Gas Pipeline project by leading indigenous EPC giant – OILSERV Limited is the cause for this renewed optimism. OILSERV has been awarded the engineering, procurement, construction, installation, testing, and commissioning of the first segment of the 614 km x 40-Inch Gas pipeline, which is from Ajaokuta to mid-way between Abuja and Kaduna. The second segment has been awarded to another company.

Information available to us shows that OILSERV has achieved significant progress in a short spate of time including ongoing detailed engineering design, topographical and geotechnical surveys, haulage and stacking of line pipes in preparation to commence construction activities.

In the words of the Group Managing Director of NNPC; Melle Kolo Kyari “the AKK project is key to resolving the power deficit challenge of the country. Its multiplier effect on the economy and provisions of jobs will be unprecedented. NNPC will give all necessary support to the Contractors to enable them deliver the project within time and within budget”.

Chairman of OILSERV Ltd, Engr. Emeka Okwuosa, gave a pledge that OILSERV will leave no stone unturned to partner with NNPC and make the dreams of 200million Nigerians come true by delivering the AKK project to global quality and standards. In his words, “The capability of OILSERV has been honed in the course of successful delivery of landmark EPC contracts such as lot B of the 48inch OB3 gas pipeline system that is currently being commissioned”.

The optimism and hope that this development represents is a clear elixir that is surely needed by the entire nation at this time. We wish OILSERV, NNPC and everyone else involved in this endeavor, success.


Hydraulic Workover Rig Catches Fire on Ororo Well

By Toyin Akinosho

A Hydraulic workover rig Grace-1 HWU, working for the Nigerian independent Guarantee Petroleum, burst into flames over the weekend in the course of re-entry operations on the Ororo-1 well in shallow water Oil Mining Lease (OML) 95.

The incident was the culmination of a well control situation that had been shaping up since mid -April.

Field data indicate that, in late April, technicians had put the well under control after it had released fluid to surface through malfunctioned Blow Out Preventer (BOP) on the rig, owned by Joeny Holdings Limited. “Well is stable and gas leak at the same level as at when BOP was closed-in.  No increase in gas flow”, the report indicated as of April 22, 2020.

But by May 15, the wellhead had caught fire.

“All the personnel had been successfully evacuated off the 300 Series SEWOP (Self Elevating Work-Over Platform)”, reported Guarantee Petroleum, operator of the Ororo field. But the Platform itself had not been moved from the site.

The company had written the Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR), the industry regulatory agency, since April 23rd, requesting for approval to carry out the needed containment of the flow of gas and fluid droplets from the wellhead. Guarantee claims that the regulator did not dignify it with a response.

DPR spokespersons dd not have any comments on the matter.

Guarantee’s licence to Ororo field had been revoked by the Nigerian government, through the DPR, on April 7, 2020, but the company was deep in the middle of the re-entry operations when the letter came.

DPR’s refusal to respond, in the last month, to Guarantee Petroleum’s correspondences, may have to do with the regulator’s consideration that the company no longer had a right to the field. But that itself throws up a question: How can you revoke a licence right in the middle of operations you have yourself approved? See related story.

On May 15, after the fire incident started, Guarantee Petroleum sought DPR’s approval to use dispersants “and other needed materials “around the well and environs “to avoid loss of lives and further pollution of the communities affected”.

It also said it contacted Chevron Nigeria and Halliburton (the American oil service provider) for help. Chevron, an E&P major, is the operator of OML 95, the acreage from which Ororo field was ringfenced.

Esimaje Brikinn, Chevron’s General Manager, Public Affairs  explained to Africa Oil+Gas Report that  “the affected facility is a third-party facility and it is not operated by Chevron Nigeria Limited (CNL) or any of its affiliates”. He added that the company was “prepared to provide necessary emergency response assistance in accordance with petroleum industry emergency response protocol, to help address the situation, if required. CNL remains committed to safety of the people and the environment. CNL will continue working with relevant regulatory agencies and other stakeholders on protection of the environment”.

Grace-1 HWU had been on the well since October 2019.

 

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